Schemes & Programmes

Eco-development Programmes and Natural Resources Conservation

Biodiversity conservation in general is the basic objective for which the Eco-Development Programme is being used as a tool. The main aim and basic target of this scheme is to arrest further damage in the Ecosystem of the State.

The Eco-Development programme mainly focuses on the conservation of biodiversity, in-situ & ex-situ conservation of indigenous flora, landscaping, land development and Eco-tourism approaches with proper application of Indigenous Traditional Knowledge (ITK) and scientific know-how with current national/international approaches by conducting detail study on threatened / endangered / extinct species of flora of the region.

Under this scheme the Directorate is taking up numerous programmes like setting up of Biodiversity Parks, Eco-Parks, landscaping/land development and tree plantation programme at School/Colleges and other important places of Manipur.

Some of the significant achievements under this Scheme during 2022-23 are:
  1. Proper maintenance and upkeep of Road Medians from Keishampat to Malom Oil Depot (7.51 kms) and from Sanjenthong to Konung Mamang, Wangkhei Road [(1.2 Kms) – (Total length = 8.71 Kms.)]
  2. Improvement works on Biodiversity Conservation and Development of Eco- Park at Liklaleima Leikol, Awang Potshangbam Khunou continuing
  3. Improvement of Biodiversity Park at Ningshingkhun, Jiribam
  4. Maintenance of existing State Botanical Garden at Khonghampat
  5. Improvement of Eco-development & Beautification of Kangla continuing
  6. Raising of Nursery Plants in the Office Complex of Directorate of Environment & Climate Change

Under Natural Resources Conservation scheme, efforts are being made to conserve natural resources like forests and groves, floral/faunal diversity, water resources, mineral resources etc. It is also targeted to harvest rain water as well as to make proper use of natural resources. Some of the major activities targeted are:

  1. Documentation of District level Natural Resources Information and Conservation works
  2. Capacity Building & HRD programme for Indigenous Traditional Knowledge system on conservation of natural resources (flora, fauna & habitat)
  3. To promote the ethno tribal’s conservation and preservation practices of the hill people of the state who are inhabiting in a diverse way since the time immemorial in order to improve their livelihood.
  4. To conserve natural resources like forests and groves, floral/faunal diversity, water resources, mineral resources, etc.
  5. Targeted to harvest rain water as well as to make proper use of natural resources

Some of the significant achievements under these schemes during 2022-23 are:

  • Study and Collection / documentation of district level Natural Resources Information and conservation works.
  • Survey/Collection/Collation of information including R & D works on indigenous Bioresources
  • Documentation of District level Natural Resources Information and conservation works
  • GRIDSS (GRID Based Decision Support System) for 16 Districts
  • Holistic Environmental Survey and Reporting including up-to-date Resource Mapping
  • Sustainable Planning Database of Sustainable resources

Under these schemes efforts are being made to create mass public awareness on various environmental issues and problems, their remedial measures etc., by organising Environment Congress, Seminars, Workshops, Street rallies, Bicycles parades, Essay and Poster competitions in schools/colleges along with tree plantation and various cleanliness campaign/activities. International/World Events/Day/Month viz. World Environment Day, International Day for Biodiversity, International Day for Preservation of Ozone Layer, World Earth Day etc. are also observed to commemorate the day. Information on environmental problems/issues of the State is being easily delivered to the target groups in order to develop skills, attitudes and values so as to enable and encourage individuals in the promotion of sustainable development by their actions. This programme focuses to fill-up the gaps in the field of environmental information, with the common people through the use of certain device like print, electronic and advance information technologies. Efforts are also being made for imparting environment education as well as to disseminate Environmental information through electronic / print media/ website to NGO’s / students / researchers and general public of the state.

Some of the significant achievements under these schemes during 2022-23 are:

  • Observance of International events like
  • World Earth Day, 22nd April
  • International Day for Biodiversity, 22nd May
  • World Environment Day, 5th June
  • International day for the preservation of Ozone Layer, 16th
  • World Wetlands Day, 2nd February
  • Creation of mass public awareness cum education on various environmental issues by organising Environment Awareness Campaign/Activities.
  • Taken up repository of GIS based Environmental Information on Website.
  • Extension & Outreach Programme like Seminar, Workshop, Awareness Programme, Information Dissemination

Aim and basic target of these schemes are:

  1. Regular monitoring & technical assessment of environmental quality, health impact assessment, development of environmental data bank of the state etc.
  2. To maintain a baseline environmental information system on quality of water resources specially lakes, wetlands & rivers of Manipur.
  3. Extension of laboratory facilities & sharing of environmental data /information to the governmental organizations as and when required.
  4. Providing of service for case studies on environmental issues in the state like sudden decrease of dissolved oxygen (DO) in the rivers, lakes and major drinking water sources.
  5. To improve major river basins & its catchment area in the state through environment based multi-disciplinary scientific and socio- economic action programmes.
  6. Focusing towards environmental Research and development, Quality Analysis, etc.
  7. Compliances of Hon’ble Supreme Courts Direction, Hon’ble NGT maters, etc. relating to Environmental Protection Acts and Rules

 

Some of the significant achievements of the schemes during 2022-23 are:

  1. Maintenance of State Environment Research and Development Laboratory
  • State’s sophisticated equipped referral laboratory for environmental studies
  • Heavy metal analysis for water samples used in dialysis in RIMS, Shija Hospital and other district hospitals.
  • Toxicity analysis of chemicals for materials imported from other countries for Custom Department

 

  1. Regular Monitoring of Water-Air-soil quality
  • Regular Water Quality Monitoring for Rivers, water bodies, etc.
  • Soil testing for soil health card

 

  1. Environment Database Management Information System of the state
  • Collection and compilation of Environmental Data
  • Management Database Information system of Environmental quality
  • Maintained an Expert Data Base for other related issues including 413 Flora of Manipur with digital herbarium (medicinal, wild edible, aromatic, etc.)
  1. Laboratory facility to the Researchers, Universities, Students, Government Agencies
  • Laboratory facilities extended to Ph. D. students from universities inside/outside the state
  • Analysis reports and data for preparation DPRs of various line department
  1. Preparation of Action Plans, Feasibility Reports, DPRs, Technical reporting

 

Compliance of directions from Hon’ble NGT, Supreme Court and High Court

  • Action Plan for Rejuvenation of Polluted River Stretches in Manipur
  • DPR for Rejuvenation of Imphal River, Manipur River, Kongba River, Moirang River, Nambol River
  • Feasibility Report for Pollution Abatement of rivers under progress
  • Compliance of directions from Hon’ble NGT, Supreme Court and High Court

 

NGTOAs

Subject

Directions [Latest Order : 22.02.2021]

Remarks / Status

OA 673 of 2018

Action Plan on polluted river stretches

•      Action Plan of the Polluted Rivers to be prepared for rejuvenation

•      Action to be taken up of the action plan in timeline

•      CS and SPCB must work in mission mode for strict compliance of timeline as per action plan to be approved by the National River Rejuvenation Mechanism (NRRM);

•      CS may personally monitor progress at least once every month;

•      Action Plan for the 9 rivers identified by CPCB has been endorsed by the CPCB

•      Monitored monthly by CMC under Chairmanship of Secretary, Jal Shakti Ministry, GoI every month

•      CS, ACS (For & Env) alongwith concerned officers attending regularly

•      Submitting Monthly Progress Report (MPR) to Ministry of Jal Shakti, Govt. of India every month

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Pollution Abatement, conservation and Rejuvenation of Rivers
  • Rejuvenation and Conservation of Nambul River
  • Rejuvenation of Imphal – Manipur River including Kongba River with Faecal Sludge and septage management at 27 ULBs
  • Rejuvenation of Moirang and Nambol River

 

  1. Catchment studies and Revival of Critical Springs
  • Survey on catchments of major Rivers
  • Inventorization and Mapping of Springs using Remote Sensing application
  • Interaction with community and ground verification of critical springs
  • Hydro-geological and aquifer mapping of springshed
  • Pilot at vulnerable villages for spring revival activities

The main aim of the scheme is to serve as an approach for developing strategies and action plan to address the climate change issues in the state. Management of the climate related risks through development of policies and programmes.

Under this scheme this office is taking up various activities to contribute in combating the impacts of the changing climate. To meet future challenges of climate change and reduce associated risks and vulnerabilities in the state, the State Action Plan on Climate Change was prepared for implementation and continued assessment of the actions was taken up.

Some of the significant achievements under this scheme during 2022-23 are:

  • Stock taking analysis of the State Action Plan on Climate Change Ver 1
  • Adaptation project like “Model Carbon Positive-Eco Village at Phayeng village”
  • GEF-UNDP project “Market Transformation and Removal of barriers for Effective Implementation of the State Level Climate Change Action Plan
  • Technical reports on:
  • Historical Climate Trends and Climate Change Projections for Manipur
  • Vulnerability Assessment for Agriculture Sector at District Level
  • Climate Change Impacts on Agriculture and Adaptation Strategies for Manipur
  • Impact of Climate Change on Water Resource of Manipur
  • Impact of Climate Change on Forest Sector in Manipur
  • Carbon Sink Estimates Through Forest and Tree Cover Enhancement Towards Meeting INDC Targets for Manipur
  • District-Level Health Vulnerability Index for Manipur

 

  • Publication of Quarterly Newsletters
  • Continuing activities for Revision of SAPCC ver 2
  • Training workshop on “Drafting of Inputs Revision of SAPCC Ver 2”
  • Award of Media Fellowships on Climate Change Reporting
  • Workshops, Trainings, Awareness and Interaction Programmes at district and village level
  • District level consultation workshops on Finalization of State Action Plan on Climate Change, Version 2 with Respective Deputy Commissioners
  • Sector wise Stakeholders’ consultation workshops for Revision of the SAPCC with officials of line departments and experts from different institutions

Capacity building to different line department officials for Vulnerability assessment to climate change

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is the assessment of possible positive or negative impact that a proposed project may have on the environment, together consisting of the environmental, social and economic aspects. The purpose of the assessment is to ensure that decision makers consider the ensuing environmental impacts while taking up the developmental projects.

Under this scheme, works relating to pre – & post – Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) / studies on the existing & forth coming developmental projects in the state which could lead to environmental degradation are being taken up. The State Level Environment Impact Assessment Authority (SEIAA), Manipur and State Level Expert Appraisal Committee (SEAC), Manipur have also been constituted by the MOEF &CC, Government of India. The State Social Impact Assessment Unit carry out the Social Impact Assessment (SIA) studies for acquisition of land for a public purpose. Appraisal of developmental project proposals for granting of Environment Clearance. Assessment of Environmental Impacts of the development projects. Social Impact Assessment for land acquisition.

Some of the significant achievements under this scheme during 2022-23 are:

  • Total No. of meeting held for SEIAA, Manipur = 3
  • Total No. of meeting held for SEAC, Manipur = 3
  • Projects issued NOC = 4
  • Conducted Pre – & post – Environmental Impact studies on various developmental projects in the state which could lead to environmental degradation.
  1. Name of the Projects Granted No objection Certificate (NOC):

Sl. No.

Name of the project

Category of the project

Site/Location

1.

No Objection Certificate (NOC) for making of goddess dolls and toys.

M/S. Evergreen Goddest Doll & Toys Making Industry

Kakwa Nameirakpam Leikai, Imphal East, Manipur.

2.

No Objection Certificate (NOC) for making of dolls and toys.

M/S. Linthoingambi Dolls & Toys Making Inustry

Kakwa Nameirakpam Leikai, Imphal East, Manipur.

3.

Proposed Diversion of of forest lan for construction of Tamenglong-Mahur Road – National Highway No. 137. (NOC)

Highway

Tamenglong-Mahur

4.

NoC for Natural Salt mining Project

Salt Mining

Senapati-1 site

Ukhrul- 4 site

Kamjong- 1 site

Thoubal – 3 site

Imphal East – 1 site

 

 

 

STATE SOCIAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT UNIT:

 

In exercise of powers conferred by Section 4 of the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013, the Governor of Manipur appointed / identified the Directorate of Environment & Climate Change, Government of Manipur as the State Social Impact Assessment Unit for carrying out the Social Impact Assessment in the State of Manipur for acquisition of land for a public purpose.

Roles and Responsibility of State Social Impact Assessment Unit

  1. The State Social Impact Assessment Unit shall be responsible for carrying out a Social Impact Assessment Study in consultation with the concerned Panchayat, Municipality or Municipal Corporation, as the case may be, at village level or ward level, in the affected area in such manner and from such date as may be specified by the State Government by notification.

(ii)       The State Social Impact Assessment Unit shall be responsible for selection of the SIA team for each project from the individuals and institutions registered or empanelled in the State Database of Qualified SIA Resource Partners and Practitioners.

(iii)      The State Social Impact Assessment Unit shall also be responsible for selection of the SIA Teams for each and every case of land acquisition. The team may include the following members.

  • Independent practitioners,             (b) Social activists,      (c) Academics

(d)     Technical Experts and                    (e) at least a woman member.

(iv)      The Social Impact Assessment study shall be completed within a period of 6 (six) months from the date of its commencement.

(v)       The Social Impact Assessment Study report referred to in sub-section (1) of section 4 of the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013, shall be made available to the public in the manner prescribed under section 6 of the said Act.

(vi)      The Social Impact Assessment Study report referred to in sub-section (1) of section 4 shall, amongst other matters, include all the following, namely: –

  • Assessment as to whether the proposed acquisition serves public purpose;
  • Estimation of affected families and the number of families among them likely to be displaced;
  • Extent of land, public and private, houses, settlements and the other common properties likely to be affected by the proposed acquisition;
  • Whether the extent of land proposed for acquisition is absolute bare-minimum extent needed for the project;
  • Whether land acquisition at an alternate place has been considered and found not feasible;
  • Study of social impacts of the project, and the nature and the cost of addressing them and the impact of these costs on the overall costs of the project vis-a-vis the benefits of the project.
  • While undertaking a Social Impact Assessment study under sub-section (1) of section 4 of the said Act, the impact that the project is likely to have on various components such as livelihood of affected families, public and community properties, assets and infrastructure particularly roads, public transport, drainage, sanitation, sources of drinking water, sources of water for cattle, community ponds, grazing land, plantations, public utilities such as post offices, fair price shops, food storage godowns, electricity supply, heath care facilities, schools and educational or training facilities, anganwadis, children parks, places of worship, land for traditional tribal institutions and burial and cremation grounds shall amongst other things, take into consideration; and
  • The Social Impact Assessment study shall prepare a Social Impact Management Plan, listing the ameliorative measures required to be undertaken for addressing the impact for a specific component referred to sub-section of section 4 of the said Act, and such measures shall not be less than what is provided under the scheme or programme, in operation in that area, of the Central Government or, as the case may be, the State Government, in operation in the affected area.

 

Status of Social Impact Assessment (SIA) study in the state :

  • of proposal received: 54
  • of incomplete proposal received: 07
  • of proposal deposited processing fee= 9
  • of proposal for which Final SIA reports submitted: 09
  • of proposals not deposited processing fee: 38

 

List of Final Social Impact Assessment study report submitted:

 

Sl. No.

Name of the Project

District

Acquiring Body

Area of land to be acquired

(Approx.)

No. of affected persons/

pattadars

(Approx.)

REMARKS

1.

Acquisition of additional for construction of Rail fed Oil Depot at Village No. 1. Malom Tuliyaima and 2- Malom Tulihal

Imphal West

Indian Oil Corporation

9.029

acres

26

– Study completed and Final report submitted

2.

Acquisition of land for construction of Imphal KangchupTamenglong Road under ADB assisted SASEC Road Connectivity Investment Programme (SCIRP)loan No. 3118-IND

Imphal West &Tamenglong

ADB

63.3697 acres

870

– Study completed and Final report submitted

3.

Construction of an ADIT Tunnel (Tunnel No. 7) at Kambiron Village, Railway chainage 37445.724 m by NF Railways

Tamenglong

NF Railways

2.10 hectares

7

– Study completed and Final report submitted

4.

Construction of an ADIT 1 & ADIT 2 of Tunnel No. 10 at Railway Chainage 42100 & 42200m at Okoklong, Tamenglong District.

Tamenglong

NF Railways

10.046 hectare

17

– Study completed and Final report submitted

5.

Acquisition of land for expansion of the Manipur Zoological Garden, Iroisemba.

Imphal West

Director, Manipur Zoological Garden

7.35567 acres

1

– Study completed and Final report submitted

6.

Acquisition of land at Mahakabui (Namching) village for location of Assam Rifles

Senapati

AR

39.25 acres

1

– Study completed and Final report submitted

7

Acquisition of land for construction of New Manipur Police Headquarters

Imphal East

Manipur Police

10 acres

22

– Study completed and Final report submitted

8.

Acquisition of land for Construction of Imphal Ring Road within Imphal East District

Imphal East

PWD

28.20694 Ha

633

– Study completed and Final report submitted

9.

Acquisition of land for Additional Land between Railway Ch. 105840 to 112900 in Kangpokpi District in connection with the Construction of New B. G. Railway Line from Jiribam to Imphal

Kangpokpi

Railway

7.66 acres

1

– Study completed and Final report submitted

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